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Cadres et formes identitaires - Vicariantes et pratiques en orientation

Abstract : The twentieth century has been marked by a conceptual proliferation relating to the individual, to the self », to identity etc. A least six broad streams of thought can be differentiated. Some of them relate to the role of social structures or of interactions or dialogues in the formation of subjectivity whereas others are more focused on the subject him or herself. The model of vicariant identity frames and forms aims at integrating these different approaches, It distinguishes identity frames » (cognitive schemata relative to the main characteristics of individuals belonging to one of the categories of people which our social experience leads us to identify and identity forms (in which one constructs him/herself and perceives others). This model postulates that these frames are organised in a cognitive system. It proposes that that the subjective identity forms (in which individuals construct themselves) are susceptible to vicariance (in particular, they depend on the context in which the individual interacts (of his/her interactions or dialogues). Subjectivity (identity) is then conceived as a unified and structured system of identity forms in which individuals construct and represent themselves. The stability or malleability of the self depends upon degrees (1) of development of society and (2) of integration of different domains of the social cosmos, as well as the variety of interactions in contexts in which subjects become involved. Different indirect validations of these hypotheses are proposed. This approach allows use to understand the role of dialogues in self-construction during counselling interactions. It leads to questions on the ends and objectives of guidance practices.
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Jean Guichard. Cadres et formes identitaires - Vicariantes et pratiques en orientation. L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle, Institut national d'étude du travail et d'orientation professionnelle (INETOP-CNAM), 2000, Le conseil en orientation, 29 (1), pp.181-212. ⟨10.4000/osp.13208⟩. ⟨hal-03234010⟩



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