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L’identité : perspectives développementales

Abstract : Erikson was the first researcher who built a model from the identity concept within a developmental psychology perspective. He distinguishes “ego identity”, “personal identity” and “social identity”. With his writings relating to life long identity development, multiplicity of the self, and the different aspects of ego, Erikson gave birth to a main research stream. From the middle of the 1960s, Marcia extended different aspects of Erikson’s work related to adolescence (which is described as a psychosocial moratory by Erikson). Marcia conceived four identity statuses: diffusion, forclusion, moratory, achieved identity. Recently, discussions took place concerning the nature of these different statuses: can they be conceived as development stages? From this traditional theoretical frame, numerous and rich research works appear today, which are introduced in this article the work of Grotevant, Kerpelman, Kunnen and Bosma, Luycks (with Goossens, Soenens, Beyers, & Vansteenkiste) and Waterman.
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Valérie Cohen-Scali, Jean Guichard. L’identité : perspectives développementales. L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle, Institut national d'étude du travail et d'orientation professionnelle (INETOP-CNAM), 2008, Identités & orientations - 1, 37 (3), pp.321-345. ⟨10.4000/osp.1716⟩. ⟨hal-03234608⟩



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