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Le « rapport Charvet » : une refondation de l’orientation ?

Abstract : The report “Founding again student’s selection and counselling. A state-regions issue” (Charvet, ed., 2019) states 27 recommendations, some of which concern the professionals, institutions and processes that help students in their thinking about their future school paths and careers. In conjunction with the French Government Parcoursup software, which selects and distributes high school students when then enter higher education, this report aims to put the finishing touches to the systemic organization of the French school that the events of May and the Faure law of 1968 had limited. Its recommendations should encourage the growth of private businesses and networks for school and career counseling or coaching. Not taking into account the conclusions of numerous studies (including those of the Collège de France, 1985 and the OECD, 2007 and 2018), the proposed measures do not call into question the principle underlying the organization of the school in France, namely: the selection of a social elite on the basis of the valorization of a single form of academic excellence. Such recommendations should not help to remedying the current situation (reproduction of the social hierarchy, deficit of highly qualified young people in many vocational sectors, subjective discomfort of certain teachers and students, etc.). Moreover, they ignore the major question of the support needed by young people who, at the beginning of the 21st century, wonder: by what active life can I contribute to the development of a sustainable, equitable and human economy?
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 11:32:06 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:00 PM
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Jean Guichard. Le « rapport Charvet » : une refondation de l’orientation ?. L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle, Institut national d'étude du travail et d'orientation professionnelle (INETOP-CNAM), 2019, 48 (3), pp.301-320. ⟨10.4000/osp.11047⟩. ⟨hal-03247743⟩



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