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Counseling Psychology in France: A Paradoxical Situation

Abstract : What are the specificities of the French situation regarding counseling? After explaining some of the expressions used in France to qualify counseling practices and their origins, the authors present a situation that they consider paradoxical, both in terms of the counselors themselves and the research carried out in this field. Indeed, while the need to “accompany” populations is vast and on the increase, French counselors develop very different practices, have very heterogeneous profiles, and do not seem to form a unified professional group. Although research in this field is increasing (more particularly for career counseling), it appears to be based on different and separate schools of thought. For these reasons, it is not possible to establish the existence of a “counseling psychology” in France. Such a situation could be considered to be far from satisfactory (notably regarding the quality of certain interventions, and also where the development of a coherent professional specialisation is concerned). Some means to achieve this goal are outlined in the conclusion.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 5:16:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:53:59 PM

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Jean-Luc Bernaud, Valérie Cohen-Scali, Jean Guichard. Counseling Psychology in France: A Paradoxical Situation. Applied Psychology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2007, 56 (1), pp.131-151. ⟨10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00281.x⟩. ⟨hal-03260195⟩



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