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Consommation de substances psychoactives par les jeunes chômeurs : points de vue croisés des professionnels de l’insertion et de leurs « usagers »

Abstract : This article reports on research into the meaning and functions of the use of psychoactive substances by young people in employment support systems, in relation to their experiences of unemployment. These behaviors were explored on the basis of semi-directive individual interviews with integration professionals (24), by mobilizing a collective device installed in a local mission (a “health café”), and by using the Photolangage method (1 information meeting and 2 work meetings with 10 youngs participants). The lack of exchange and recognition of the meaning of using SPAs is due to a paradoxical congruence between the avoidance of users and professionals : both contribute to masking the hardships of unemployment and the functions of the regulated uses of SPAs. The consumption of substances serves to mask the difficulties experienced and their traces, just as the professionals and the preventive policies mask the role of forced non-work in substance use. The risk of pathologization and medicalization of the social environment could be prevented by offering frameworks for collective expression and discussion in order to help lift the taboo and transform the deficient and stigmatising representations of these “socially excluded” young people.
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https://hal-cnam.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03267452
Contributor : Maëlle Maltaire <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 2:48:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 24, 2021 - 3:18:24 AM

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Sébastien Ladreyt, Joëlle Mezza. Consommation de substances psychoactives par les jeunes chômeurs : points de vue croisés des professionnels de l’insertion et de leurs « usagers ». Bulletin de psychologie, Groupe d'étude de psychologie, 2021, 572 (2), pp.117-127. ⟨10.3917/bupsy.572.0117⟩. ⟨hal-03267452⟩

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