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Analyse lexicométrique des Livres blancs de la défense (1972-2017)

Abstract : This contribution is an original analysis to understand the construction of a defence policy discourse. This article proposes a lexicometric analysis of the French defence policy based on the four White Papers published over the period 1972-2013 to which we add the strategic Review of 2017. A White Paper is a document that openly exposes the strategic guidelines of the government. From the point of view of the method, this article is a comparative analysis of official and political discourses. We look at "the discursive universe” (Paveau, 1996) of the defence. The methodological approach adopted here differs from the existing work in this field, which relies essentially on comparative monographs. In a nutshell, we used the ALCESTE method (Lexeme Analysis of Cooccurrents on a Set of Segmentations of the Text Study) created by Reinert (1983, 1990) which has been carried out on the IRaMuTeQ software (Ratinaud, 2009). The advantage of this method is to offer an endogenous typology of the White Papers and allows to a clear taxonomy of the different White Papers. Consequently, the number of final Classes are indeterminate a priori which lead to an endogenous typology of White Papers. This article thus provides a better understanding of how the defence discourse contributes to the construction of a defence policy in the long run.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 1:58:04 PM
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Elisa Darriet, Josselin Droff. Analyse lexicométrique des Livres blancs de la défense (1972-2017). JADT 2020 : 15es Journées internationales d’Analyse statistique des Données Textuelles, Jun 2020, Toulouse, France. http://lexicometrica.univ-paris3.fr/jadt/JADT2020/jadt2020_pdf/DARRIET_DROFF_JADT2020.pdf. ⟨hal-03343067⟩

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