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Évolutions conjointes de la situation scolaire et de l’orientation en France : quelques repères pour une histoire des services d’orientation

Abstract : This article we adopt the approach of historians of education who demonstrate that it is difficult to understand the particularities of vocational guidance as it exists in France in its relations with the school institution if we ignore history. We will show how the orientation is born in France, at the dawn of the twentieth century, from the will of the political and economic powers concerned about the deterioration of the way of access to training and work, relayed by the scientific concerns of intellectuals who want to serve social progress. The study of the most important legislative texts highlights the way in which the transition overcame, from a one-off guidance, limited to the world of work, to a continuous educational guidance, anchored in the School.
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https://hal-cnam.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03450777
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Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 10:49:02 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 3:19:14 AM

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Régis Ouvrier-Bonnaz. Évolutions conjointes de la situation scolaire et de l’orientation en France : quelques repères pour une histoire des services d’orientation. L’Orientation scolaire et professionnelle, INETOP, 2019, pp.211-230. ⟨10.4000/osp.10736⟩. ⟨hal-03450777⟩

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