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Assessing the Health Benefits of Physical Activity Due to Active Commuting in a French Energy Transition Scenario

Abstract : Objectives: Energy transition scenarios are prospective outlooks describing combinations of changes in socioeconomic systems that are compatible with climate targets. These changes could have important health co-benefits. We aimed to quantify the health benefits of physical activity caused by active transportation on all-cause mortality in the French negaWatt scenario over the 2021-2050 period. Methods; Relying on a health impact assessment framework, we quantified the health benefits of increased walking, cycling and E-biking projected in the negaWatt scenario. The negaWatt scenario assumes increases of walking and cycling volumes of +11% and +612%, respectively, over the study period. Results: As compared to a scenario with no increase in volume of active travel, we quantified that the negaWatt scenario would prevent 9,797 annual premature deaths in 2045 and translate into a 3-month increase in life expectancy in the general population. These health gains would generate €34 billion of economic benefits from 2045 onwards. Conclusion: Increased physical activity implied in the negaWatt transition scenario would generate substantial public health benefits, which are comparable to the gain expected by large scale health prevention interventions.
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https://hal-cnam.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03761451
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Submitted on : Friday, August 26, 2022 - 10:35:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 5:56:44 AM

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Pierre Barban, Audrey de Nazelle, Stéphane Chatelin, Philippe Quirion, Kévin Jean. Assessing the Health Benefits of Physical Activity Due to Active Commuting in a French Energy Transition Scenario. International Journal of Public Health, Fontiers Media, 2022, 67, pp.1605012. ⟨10.3389/ijph.2022.1605012⟩. ⟨hal-03761451⟩

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