Towards a Kinetic Modeling of the Changes in the Electrical Properties of Cable Insulation during Radio-Thermal Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants. Application to Silane-Crosslinked Polyethylene - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2021

Towards a Kinetic Modeling of the Changes in the Electrical Properties of Cable Insulation during Radio-Thermal Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants. Application to Silane-Crosslinked Polyethylene

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Abstract

The radio-thermal ageing of silane-crosslinked polyethylene (Si-XLPE) was studied in air under different γ dose rates (6.0, 8.5, 77.8, and 400 Gy•h −1) at different temperatures (21, 47, and 86 • C). The changes in the physico-chemical and electrical properties of Si-XLPE throughout its exposure were determined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with chemical gas derivatization, hydrostatic weighing, differential scanning calorimetry, dielectric spectroscopy and current measurements under an applied electric field. From a careful analysis of the oxidation products, it was confirmed that ketones are the main oxidation products in Si-XLPE. The analytical kinetic model for radio-thermal oxidation was thus completed with relatively simple structureproperty relationships in order to additionally predict the increase in density induced by oxidation, and the adverse changes in two electrical properties of Si-XLPE: the dielectric constant ε and volume resistivity R. After having shown the reliability of these new kinetic developments, the lifetime of Si-XLPE was determined using a dielectric end-of-life criterion deduced from a literature compilation on the changes in R with ε for common polymers. The corresponding lifetime was found to be at least two times longer than the lifetime previously determined with the conventional end-of-life criterion, i.e., the mechanical type, thus confirming the previous literature studies that had shown that fracture properties degrade faster than electrical properties.
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hal-03875965 , version 1 (28-11-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Sarah Hettal, Simone Vincenzo Suraci, Sébastien Roland, Davide Fabiani, Xavier Colin. Towards a Kinetic Modeling of the Changes in the Electrical Properties of Cable Insulation during Radio-Thermal Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants. Application to Silane-Crosslinked Polyethylene. Polymers, 2021, 13 (24), pp.4427. ⟨10.3390/polym13244427⟩. ⟨hal-03875965⟩
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