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Journal Articles International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Year : 2021

Resilience Predicts Lower Anxiety and Depression and Greater Recovery after a Vicarious Trauma

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Abstract

This study validated the French version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-F) and tested the protective role of resilience in the context of vicarious trauma (22 March 2016 terrorist attacks in Brussels) regarding anxiety and depression symptoms. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated a single-factor structure of the BRS-F. Investigation of convergent validity showed that the BRS-F was positively correlated with usual outcomes such as subjective happiness, acceptance, and sense of coherence, and negatively correlated with anxiety and depression symptoms. Lastly, the results of the study showed that resilience protected against the effect of vicarious trauma in two ways. First, at the time of exposure, the more resilient individuals reported lower levels of anxiety and depression symptoms. Second, after three months, the more resilient individuals recovered from these symptoms, whereas no significant effect was found for less resilient individuals. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed.
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Dates and versions

hal-03879673 , version 1 (30-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Christophe Leys, Ilios Kotsou, Rebecca Shankland, Mathilde Firmin, Sandrine Péneau, et al.. Resilience Predicts Lower Anxiety and Depression and Greater Recovery after a Vicarious Trauma. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, 18, pp.1-8. ⟨10.3390/ijerph182312608⟩. ⟨hal-03879673⟩
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