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Effect of the capacity ratio developed at column-beam nodes and evaluation of its random degradation impact on the formation of global ruin mechanisms

Abstract : Purpose The purpose of this study, is to deals with capacity design (strong column – weak beam) in reinforced concrete frames, slightly slender, which depends on the determination of a capacity ratio necessary to reach a structural plastic mechanism. To find the capacity ratio allowing to achieve a fairly ductile behavior in reinforced concrete frames, it is necessary to validate this concept by a non-linear static analysis (push-over). However, this analysis is carried out by the use of the ETABS software, and by the introduction into the beams and columns of plastic hinges according to FEMA-356 code. Design/methodology/approach This approach makes it possible to assess seismic performance, which facilitates the establishment of a system for detecting the plasticization mechanisms of structures. It is also necessary to use a probabilistic method allowing to treat the dimensioning by the identification of the most probable mechanisms and to take only those that contribute the most to the probability of global failure of the structural system. Findings In this study, three reinforced concrete frame buildings with different numbers of floors were analyzed by varying the capacity ratio of the elements. The results obtained indicate that it is strongly recommended to increase the ratio of the resistant moments of the columns on those of the beams for the Algerian seismic regulation (RPA code), knowing that the frameworks in reinforced concrete are widespread in the country. Originality/value The main interest of this paper is to criticize the resistance condition required by RPA code, which must be the subject of particular attention to reach a mechanism of favorable collapse. This study recommends, on the basis of a reliability analysis, the use of a capacity dimensioning ratio greater than or equal to two, making it possible to have a sufficiently low probability of failure to ensure a level of security for users.
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https://hal-cnam.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03760429
Contributor : Marie-Liesse Bertram Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, August 25, 2022 - 11:31:57 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 5:52:02 AM

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Amar Messas, Karim Benyahi, Arezki Adjrad, Youcef Bouafia, Sarah Benakli. Effect of the capacity ratio developed at column-beam nodes and evaluation of its random degradation impact on the formation of global ruin mechanisms. World Journal of Engineering, Emerald Publishing Limited, In press, ⟨10.1108/WJE-12-2020-0659⟩. ⟨hal-03760429⟩

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