A new low-density nuclear matter equation of state from an experimental data analysis including in-medium effects

Abstract : The modification of the ground state properties of light atomic nuclei in the nuclear and stellar medium is addressed, using chemical equilibrium constants evaluated from a new analysis of the intermediate energy heavy-ion (Xe+Sn) collision data measured by the INDRA collaboration. Three different reactions are considered, mainly differing by the isotopic content of the emission source. The thermodynamic conditions of the data samples are extracted from the measured multiplicities allowing for an in-medium correction, with the single hypothesis that the different nuclear species in a given sample correspond to a unique common value for the density of the expanding source. We show that this new correction, which was not considered in previous analyses of chemical constants from heavy ion collisions, is necessary, since the observables of the analysed systems show strong deviations from the expected results for an ideal gas of clusters. This experimental data set is further compared to a relativistic mean-field model, and seen to be reasonably compatible with a universal correction of the attractive $\sigma$5 pages,-meson coupling.
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Helena Pais, Rémi Bougault, Francesca Gulminelli, Constança Providência, Eric Bonnet, et al.. A new low-density nuclear matter equation of state from an experimental data analysis including in-medium effects. 2020. ⟨hal-02447884⟩

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